Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a chemical compound in marijuana with a variety of uses . 7 Benefits and Uses of CBD Oil (Plus Side Effects) .. More states are legalizing medical marijuana, but what does that mean for people with. Learn more about Cannabidiol uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Cannabidiol. Medical marijuana is any part of the marijuana plant that you use to treat health problems. People use it to get relief from their symptoms, not to.
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Log in with your Medical News Today account to create or edit your custom homepage, catch-up on your opinions notifications and set your newsletter preferences. Sign up for a free Medical News Today account to customize your medical and health news experiences. Cannabidiol CBD may have some health benefits, and it may also pose risks. Products containing the compound are now legal in many American states where marijuana is not. This article will explain what CBD is, its possible health benefits, how to use it, potential risks, and issues surrounding its legality in the United States.
CBD is one of many compounds, known as cannabinoids, in the cannabis plant. Researchers have been looking at the possible therapeutic uses of CBD. The concentrations and the uses of these oils vary. THC creates a mind-altering "high" when a person smokes it or uses it in cooking.
This is because THC breaks down when we apply heat and introduce it into the body. Unlike THC, it is not psychoactive. This means that CBD does not change a person's state of mind when they use it. However, CBD does appear to produce significant changes in the body, and some research suggests that it has medical benefits. The least processed form of the cannabis plant is hemp.
Hemp contains most of the CBD that people use medicinally. Hemp and marijuana come from the same plant, Cannabis sativa , but the two are very different. Over the years, marijuana farmers have selectively bred their plants to contain high levels of THC and other compounds that interested them, often because the compounds produced a smell or had another effect on the plant's flowers.
However, hemp farmers have rarely modified the plant. These hemp plants are used to create CBD oil. The human body produces certain cannabinoids on its own. It also has two receptors for cannabinoids, called the CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors. The CB1 receptors in the brain deal with coordination and movement, pain, emotions, and mood, thinking, appetite, and memories, and other functions. THC attaches to these receptors.
CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain. People tend to use prescription or over-the-counter drugs to relieve stiffness and pain, including chronic pain. Authors of a study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine found that CBD significantly reduced chronic inflammation and pain in some mice and rats.
The researchers suggested that the non-psychoactive compounds in marijuana, such as CBD, could provide a new treatment for chronic pain. Some promising evidence suggests that CBD use may help people to quit smoking. A pilot study published in Addictive Behaviors found that smokers who used inhalers containing CBD smoked fewer cigarettes than usual and had no further cravings for nicotine.
A similar review, published in Neurotherapeutics found that CBD may be a promising treatment for people with opioid addiction disorders. The researchers noted that CBD reduced some symptoms associated with substance use disorders. These included anxiety , mood-related symptoms, pain, and insomnia.
More research is necessary, but these findings suggest that CBD may help to prevent or reduce withdrawal symptoms. After researching the safety and effectiveness of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, the FDA approved the use of CBD Epidiolex as a therapy for two rare conditions characterized by epileptic seizures in The types of seizures that characterize LGS or DS are difficult to control with other types of medication.
The FDA specified that doctors could not prescribe Epidiolex for children younger than 2 years. A physician or pharmacist will determine the right dosage based on body weight. Authors of a review noted that CBD has anti-seizure properties and a low risk of side effects for people with epilepsy. Findings suggested that CBD may also treat many complications linked to epilepsy, such as neurodegeneration, neuronal injury, and psychiatric diseases.
Another study, published in Current Pharmaceutical Design, found that CBD may produce effects similar to those of certain antipsychotic drugs, and that the compound may provide a safe and effective treatment for people with schizophrenia.
However, further research is necessary. Some researchers have found that CBD may prove to combat cancer. Authors of a review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology found evidence that CBD significantly helped to prevent the spread of cancer.
The researchers also noted that the compound tends to suppress the growth of cancer cells and promote their destruction. They pointed out that CBD has low levels of toxicity. They called for further research into its potential as an accompaniment to standard cancer treatments. Doctors often advise people with chronic anxiety to avoid cannabis, as THC can trigger or amplify feelings of anxiousness and paranoia.
However, authors of a review from Neurotherapeutics found that CBD may help to reduce anxiety in people with certain related disorders. According to the review, CBD may reduce anxiety-related behaviors in people with conditions such as:. The authors noted that current treatments for these disorders can lead to additional symptoms and side effects, which can cause some people to stop taking them.
No further definitive evidence currently links CBD to adverse effects, and the authors called for further studies of the compound as a treatment for anxiety. Type 1 diabetes results from inflammation that occurs when the immune system attacks cells in the pancreas.
Research published in by Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation found that CBD may ease this inflammation in the pancreas. Since CBD does not produce as many adverse effects as THC, and helps mitigate those of THC, scientists are increasingly conducting more studies on the compound and its medical benefits. Does Marijuana Come in Pill Form? Most recently, the FDA approved Epidiolex , a drug that is prescribed to treat seizures associated with Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, two rare and severe forms of epilepsy.
The others go by these names: Each state has its own procedure for allowing its residents to purchase medical marijuana. These lists, while they vary from state to state, often include conditions like cancer, anxiety, and inflammatory bowel disease. Find a registered physician who will confirm in writing that you have a qualifying condition that would be improved by the drug.
Receive an ID card that allows you to purchase medical marijuana at a dispensary. States, and sometimes counties within states, charge fees for card applications. Some, like California, will waive or reduce the fee for eligible patients.
What Is a Dispensary? Dispensaries are the medical marijuana equivalent of pharmacies. They sell marijuana and other cannabis-derived products to people who have been certified by their home state to purchase it.
Depending on what state you live in, you can also purchase marijuana for recreational use at dispensaries. Sign up for our Healthy Living Newsletter! Thanks for signing up for our newsletter! You should see it in your inbox very soon. Please enter a valid email address Subscribe We respect your privacy. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Novel Therapies for Arthritis? Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. Efficacy, Tolerability, and Safety of Cannabinoids in Gastroenterology: Shannon S, Opila-Lehman J.
Moving Toward the Clinic. Cannabidiol as a Potential New Type of an Antipsychotic. A Critical Review of the Evidence. Singh Y, Bali C. Despite the government ruling, CBD is widely available over the counter in dispensaries in states where marijuana is legal. The piece, reported by Dr Sanjay Gupta, featured a little girl in Colorado named Charlotte, who had a rare life-threatening form of epilepsy called Dravet syndrome. At age five, Charlotte suffered grand mal seizures a week, and was constantly on the brink of a medical emergency.
It was controversial to pursue medical marijuana for such a young patient, but when they gave Charlotte oil extracted from high-CBD cannabis, her seizures stopped almost completely. Instead of moving, other families obtained CBD oil through the illegal distribution networks. If Epidiolex wins approval it would be the first time the agency approves a drug derived from the marijuana plant. Epidiolex was developed by the London-based GW Pharmaceuticals , which grows cannabis on tightly controlled farms in the UK.
While parents treating their children with CBD had to proceed based on trial and error, like a folk medicine, they also had to wonder whether dispensary purchased CBD was professionally manufactured and contained what the package said it did.
What Are Medical Marijuana and Cannabidiol (CBD)? Everything You Need to Know
Scientists studying the health benefits of CBD have found it is a promising natural treatment It is one of the best-substantiated medical uses of cannabinoids. While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”. Cannabidiol comes from the cannabis plant, and has a wealth of rest assured that CBD oil is legal across the UK for medicinal purposes.