There are two types of sleep apnea: Sleep apnea can affect anyone at any age , even children. What Are the Effects of Sleep Apnea?. Snoring loudly could be an indication of sleep apnea, a disorder in which breathing stops and Sleep apnea can affect anyone, even children. Sleep apnea is typically associated with snoring, so it can be a surprise to learn that there are daytime symptoms too. Read on to learn how to I.D. the disorder.
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In central sleep apnea, the airway is not blocked but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe due to instability in the respiratory control center. Central apnea is named as such because it is related to the function of the central nervous system. Sleep apnea occurs in about 25 percent of men and nearly 10 percent of women.
Sleep apnea can affect people of all ages, including babies and children and particularly people over the age of fifty and those who are overweight. Certain physical traits and clinical features are common in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. These include excessive weight , large neck, and structural abnormalities reducing the diameter of the upper airway, such as nasal obstruction, a low-hanging soft palate, enlarged tonsils, or a small jaw with an overbite.
These figures illustrate the upper airway in normal sleep A; person is lying on back, face up and in obstructive sleep apnea B. The arrows indicate complete obstruction in the back of the throat. Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the rear of the throat collapses during sleep. Central sleep apnea is usually observed in patients with central nervous system dysfunction, such as following a stroke or in patients with neuromuscular diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
It is also common in patients with heart failure and other forms of cardiac and pulmonary disease. I can tell you that severe sleep apnea is characterized as 30 or more interruptions in breathing per hour. Julia, Has your research considered the possibility that the imbalanced neurotransmitter levels precede OSA? I have mild OSA and I also have low levels of the inhibitory neurotransmitters serotonin and gabba, low levels of the excitatory neurotransmitters dopamine, epinephrine and glutamate, and high levels of nor-epinephrine.
I also have high nighttime cortisol levels. I hypothesize that once I achieve neurotransmitter balance and lower my cortisol, my OSA will resolve. Nonetheless, I will work toward achieving balance, and see where that leads me. Snoring, longer periods of non-breathing while sleeping, physically debilitating symptoms like excessive daytime sleepiness that can result in driving and work accidents, intermittent headaches morning till night painful heartburn.
I have been getting treated for OSA for about 2 months now vis cpap. I was always told that I snore and sometimes stopped breathing while sleeping on my back, particularly after partaking in a bit too much booze. I was getting severe anxiety attacks and depression, accompanied by rediculous spikes in blood pressure and vertigo. I feel like I got my life back. I have woken up a couple times in tears of relief.
For this pain i see that all month long i quarrel with my husband without any reason and when he order me something i become exited sudden. You are using an outdated browser. Things may not appear as intended. We recommend updating your browser to the latest version. Sleep Apnea Changes the Shape of the Brain The mental symptoms of sleep apnea are more serious than the temporary grogginess caused by drowsiness.
H ealth Magazine Other posts you may find interesting: Comments previously posted on the Sleep Better Blog: Sonia Reply Posted on January 27, Cpap has stopped the progression of my cognitive difficalties but it has not reversed it at all.
Julia Rodriguez Reply Posted on February 01, Laura Reply Posted on December 16, Darla Colthurst Reply Posted on March 27, Julia Rodriguez Reply Posted on March 27, Yes, the consequences of untreated sleep apnea should not be ignored. Julia Rodriguez Reply Posted on May 08, Julia Rodriguez Reply Posted on May 12, Nicholas Reply Posted on June 06, Fred Reply Posted on November 21, Louise Reply Posted on April 14, If you think you might have sleep apnea, see your doctor.
Treatment can ease your symptoms and might help prevent heart problems and other complications. The signs and symptoms of obstructive and central sleep apneas overlap, sometimes making it difficult to determine which type you have. The most common signs and symptoms of obstructive and central sleep apneas include:. Loud snoring can indicate a potentially serious problem, but not everyone who has sleep apnea snores. Talk to your doctor if you have signs or symptoms of sleep apnea.
Ask your doctor about any sleep problem that leaves you fatigued, sleepy and irritable. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles that support the soft tissues in your throat, such as your tongue and soft palate, temporarily relax. When these muscles relax, your airway is narrowed or closed, and breathing is momentarily cut off. This occurs when the muscles in the back of your throat relax.
These muscles support the soft palate, the triangular piece of tissue hanging from the soft palate uvula , the tonsils, the side walls of the throat and the tongue. When the muscles relax, your airway narrows or closes as you breathe in. You can't get enough air, which can lower the oxygen level in your blood. Your brain senses your inability to breathe and briefly rouses you from sleep so that you can reopen your airway. This awakening is usually so brief that you don't remember it.
You might snort, choke or gasp. This pattern can repeat itself five to 30 times or more each hour, all night, impairing your ability to reach the deep, restful phases of sleep. This less common form of sleep apnea occurs when your brain fails to transmit signals to your breathing muscles. This means that you make no effort to breathe for a short period.
You might awaken with shortness of breath or have a difficult time getting to sleep or staying asleep. The repeated awakenings associated with sleep apnea make normal, restorative sleep impossible, making severe daytime drowsiness, fatigue and irritability likely.
You might have difficulty concentrating and find yourself falling asleep at work, while watching TV or even when driving. People with sleep apnea have an increased risk of motor vehicle and workplace accidents.
This is known as obstructive sleep apnea. If the brain does not send the signals needed to breathe, the condition may be called central sleep. Sleep apnea does more than make you sleepy, though. In men, it could contribute to erectile dysfunction and affect your ability to have. How Does OSA Affect Me · Physical Characteristics · Health Consequences · Personal Obstructive sleep apnea can cause daytime sleepiness, snoring, depression, Individuals with untreated OSA are more likely to be in a motor vehicle accident. OSA can have a major impact on family and friends.